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The non-social view of resilience excludes the sociological examination of person-environment interaction and social behaviors that contribute to resilience experience. Also, the notion of ‘bouncing back’ as it appears in dominant resilience studies is not sufficient to explain how resilience works in a social system.
A constructionist perspective on resilience offers a socio-ecological explanation of resilience that helps in understanding it as a socially and culturally embedded phenomenon. To contextualize the resilience process, it is important to give voice to people's experiences and investigate the environmental pathways that contribute to person-environment interaction during the resilience process.


The consensus on conceptualizing resilience as a complex interdisciplinary construct and investigating it using multiple levels of analysis process may be characterized by its socio-political context. The interdisciplinary approach facilitates the triangulation of theoretical and methodological strategies, and the meaning-making process by rethinking and sustainable learning



The role of social capital demonstrated in the studies on climate change provides the contribution of different forms of social capital in resilience-building strategies. It was also noted that the process or phenomenon that interprets how social capital shape resilience and interconnect multiple dimensions of social interactions is rarely explored.


This post includes an annotated bibliography of Adger’s publications that are central to socio-ecological resilience, environmental change, sustainability, and well-being. This contribution may be regarded as a guide to the literature on multiple, multilevel, and interconnected social dimensions of resilience.




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